1 Chronicles 12
Episodes out of the life of David
A list of the men who came to David at Ziklag
1 Chronicles 12:1 Now these are they that came to David to Ziklag, while he yet kept himself close [secure from Saul] because of Saul the son of Kish: and they were among the mighty men, helpers of the war.
Seven mighty men of Saul’s tribe of Benjamin come to David at Ziklag
12:2 They were armed with bows, and could use both the right hand and the left in hurling stones and shooting arrows out of a bow, even of Saul’s brethren of Benjamin.
12:3 The chief was Ahiezer, then Joash, the sons of Shemaah the Gibeathite; and Jeziel, and Pelet, the sons of Azmaveth; and Berachah, and Jehu the Antothite. 12:4 And Ismaiah the Gibeonite, a mighty man among the thirty, and over the thirty; and Jeremiah, and Jahaziel, and Johanan, and Josabad the Gederathite, 12:5 Eluzai, and Jerimoth, and Bealiah, and Shemariah, and Shephatiah the Haruphite, 12:6 Elkanah, and Jesiah, and Azareel, and Joezer, and Jashobeam, the Korhites, 12:7 And Joelah, and Zebadiah, the sons of Jeroham of Gedor.
The mighty men of Gad at Ziklag
12:8 And of the Gadites there separated themselves unto David into the hold to the wilderness men of might, and men of war fit for the battle, that could handle shield and buckler, whose faces were like the faces of lions, and were as swift as the roes upon the mountains; 12:9 Ezer the first, Obadiah the second, Eliab the third, 12:10 Mishmannah the fourth, Jeremiah the fifth, 12:11 Attai the sixth, Eliel the seventh, 12:12 Johanan the eighth, Elzabad the ninth, 12:13 Jeremiah the tenth, Machbanai the eleventh. 12:14 These were of the sons of Gad, captains of the host: one of the least was over an hundred, and the greatest over a thousand. 12:15 These are they that went over Jordan in the first month, when it had overflown all his banks; and they put to flight all them of the valleys, both toward the east, and toward the west.
When many of Benjamin [Saul’s tribe] and Judah came over to him David promised good for the faithful and ill for all betrayers. Our Mighty God has also promised good for the loyal and faithful, and correction for the sinner.
12:16 And there came of the children of Benjamin and Judah to the hold unto David. 12:17 And David went out to meet them, and answered and said unto them, If ye be come peaceably unto me to help me, mine heart shall be knit unto you: but if ye be come to betray me to mine enemies, seeing there is no wrong in mine hands, the God of our fathers look thereon, and rebuke it.
12:18 Then the spirit came upon Amasai, who was chief of the captains, and he said, Thine are we, David, and on thy side, thou son of Jesse: peace, peace be unto thee, and peace be to thine helpers; for thy God helpeth thee. Then David received them, and made them captains of the band.
When David lived among the Philistines and was about to go to war against Saul with the Philistines, some of Manasseh came over to David.
12:19 And there fell some of Manasseh to David, when he came with the Philistines against Saul to battle: but they helped them not: for the lords of the Philistines upon advisement sent him away, saying, He will fall to his master Saul to the jeopardy of our heads. 12:20 As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zilthai, captains of the thousands that were of Manasseh. (See also 1 Samuel 29)
After Saul lost the Ark, more and more men of war came over to David, so that his leadership gradually developed over Judah and Benjamin while Saul was still king.
12:21 And they helped David against the band of the rovers [bands of bandits]: for they were all mighty men of valour, and were captains in the host. 12:22 For at that time day by day there came to David to help him, until it was a great host, like the host of God.
\Many from the army of Saul came over to David and David became a real king in waiting.
When Saul died many came to support David and made him king over Judah/Benjamin, and seven years later all Israel was joined in a united kingdom of Israel and Judah.
These are the numbers of Saul’s army in Israel that left Saul’s son and came to Hebron to make David king over a united Judah Israel seven years after Saul’s death.
12:23 And these are the numbers of the bands that were ready armed to the war, and came to David to Hebron, to turn the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of the LORD.
12:24 The children of Judah that bare shield and spear were six thousand and eight hundred, ready armed to the war.
12:25 Of the children of Simeon, mighty men of valour for the war, seven thousand and one hundred.
12:26 Of the children of Levi [the priests and Levites] four thousand and six hundred. 12:27 And Jehoiada was the leader of the Aaronites, and with him were three thousand and seven hundred; 12:28 And Zadok, a young man mighty of valour, and of his father’s house twenty and two captains.
12:29 And of the children of Benjamin, the kindred of Saul, three thousand: for hitherto the greatest part of them had kept the ward of the house of Saul.
12:30 And of the children of Ephraim twenty thousand and eight hundred, mighty men of valour, famous throughout the house of their fathers.
12:31 And of the half tribe of Manasseh eighteen thousand, which were expressed by name, to come and make David king.
12:32 And of the children of Issachar, which were men that had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do; the heads of them were two hundred; and all their brethren were at their commandment.
12:33 Of Zebulun, such as went forth to battle, expert in war, with all instruments of war, fifty thousand, which could keep rank: they were not of double heart.
12:34 And of Naphtali a thousand captains, and with them with shield and spear thirty and seven thousand.
12:35 And of the Danites expert in war twenty and eight thousand and six hundred.
12:36 And of Asher, such as went forth to battle, expert in war, forty thousand.
12:37 And on the other side of Jordan, of the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and of the half tribe of Manasseh, with all manner of instruments of war for the battle, an hundred and twenty thousand.
All these men came to David to make him king of a united Israel Judah seven years after Saul died (2 Samuel 5).
12:38 All these men of war, that could keep rank, came with a perfect heart to Hebron, to make David king over all Israel: and all the rest also of Israel were of one heart to make David king.
12:39 And there they were with David three days, eating and drinking: for their brethren had prepared for them.
12:40 Moreover they that were nigh them, even unto Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, and meat, meal, cakes of figs, and bunches of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep abundantly: for there was joy in Israel.
1 Chronicles 13
Sometime later David proposed to call all Israel to join him in bringing up the Ark to Jerusalem (2 Samuel 6).
1 Chronicles 13:1 And David consulted with the captains of thousands and hundreds, and with every leader. 13:2 And David said unto all the congregation of Israel, If it seem good unto you, and that it be of the LORD our God, let us send abroad unto our brethren every where, that are left in all the land of Israel, and with them also to the priests and Levites which are in their cities and suburbs, that they may gather themselves unto us: 13:3 And let us bring again the ark of our God to us: for we enquired not at it in the days of Saul. 13:4 And all the congregation said that they would do so: for the thing was right in the eyes of all the people.
13:5 So David gathered all Israel together, from Shihor of Egypt even unto the entering of Hemath, to bring the ark of God from Kirjathjearim.
13:6 And David went up, and all Israel, to Baalah, that is, to Kirjathjearim, which belonged to Judah, to bring up thence the ark of God the LORD, that dwelleth between the cherubims, whose name is called on it. 13:7 And they carried the ark of God in a new cart out of the house of Abinadab: and Uzza and Ahio drave the cart.
All the people rejoiced before the Ark which represented the throne of God. Then UZZA died (2 Sam 6:7) because they did not move the Ark according to God’s command.
Brethren, this is a vital lesson for us, that though we may think we are doing right in our own eyes, if we are not doing according to God’s instructions then we are not pleasing God! Bringing up the Ark was wonderful, but doing it improperly contrary to God’s Word was a sin!
Today we pretend to keep the wonderful Sabbath and Feasts of God, but we keep them wrongfully according to what we think is best and NOT according to the Word of God, and that makes our observances offensive to God and prevents any real understanding.
13:8 And David and all Israel played before God with all their might, and with singing, and with harps, and with psalteries, and with timbrels, and with cymbals, and with trumpets. 13:9 And when they came unto the threshingfloor of Chidon, Uzza put forth his hand to hold the ark; for the oxen stumbled.
13:10 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzza, and he smote him, because he put his hand to the ark: and there he died before God. 13:11 And David was displeased [dismayed] because the LORD had made a breach upon Uzza: wherefore that place is called Perezuzza to this day.
The movement of the Ark was suspended while the holy books were searched for the proper godly way to move the Ark.
13:12 And David was afraid of God that day, saying, How shall I bring the ark of God home to me? 13:13 So David brought not the ark home to himself to the city of David, but carried it aside into the house of Obededom the Gittite.
13:14 And the ark of God remained with the family of Obededom in his house three months. And the LORD blessed the house of Obededom, and all that he had.
1 Chronicles 14
Hiram king of Tyre reaches out the hand of friendship to David
1 Chronicles 14:1 Now Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and timber of cedars, with masons and carpenters, to build him an house. 14:2 And David perceived that the LORD had confirmed him king over Israel, for his kingdom was lifted up on high, because of his people Israel.
David’s wives and his children which were conceived at Jerusalem.
14:3 And David took more wives at Jerusalem: and David begat more sons and daughters.
14:4 Now these are the names of his children which he had in Jerusalem; Shammua, and Shobab, Nathan, and Solomon, 14:5 And Ibhar, and Elishua, and Elpalet, 14:6 And Nogah, and Nepheg, and Japhia, 14:7 And Elishama, and Beeliada, and Eliphalet.
The Philistines feared David, knowing him from his sojourn among them, and went up to war against David and Israel. God used this occasion to grant David a great victory in defending the nation so that the fame of David spread far abroad; establishing him as a mighty king.
14:8 And when the Philistines heard that David was anointed king over all Israel, all the Philistines went up to seek David. And David heard of it, and went out against them.
14:9 And the Philistines came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim. 14:10 And David enquired of God, saying, Shall I go up against the Philistines? And wilt thou deliver them into mine hand? And the LORD said unto him, Go up; for I will deliver them into thine hand.
David first inquired of God and then gave the credit to God.
14:11 So they came up to Baalperazim; and David smote them there. Then David said, God hath broken in upon mine enemies by mine hand like the breaking forth of waters: therefore they called the name of that place Baalperazim.
David utterly destroyed the idols of the wicked; which is what God is doing in today’s Spiritual Ekklesia.
14:12 And when they had left their gods there, David gave a commandment, and they were burned with fire.
The Philistines again came up to war and David inquired of God again, instead of being filled with pride at the first victory. Then David obeyed the instruction of the one who later became Jesus Christ instead of doing things his own way.
14:13 And the Philistines yet again spread themselves abroad in the valley.
14:14 Therefore David enquired again of God; and God said unto him, Go not up after them; turn away from them, and come upon them over against the mulberry trees. 14:15 And it shall be, when thou shalt hear a sound of going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt go out to battle: for God is gone forth before thee to smite the host of the Philistines.
14:16 David therefore did as God commanded him: [Oh that we would do as God teaches us in his Word.] and they smote the host of the Philistines from Gibeon even to Gazer.
14:17 And the fame of David went out into all lands; and the LORD brought the fear of him upon all nations.
1 Chronicles 15
David pitched a tent in Jerusalem for the Ark; I wonder why he did not have the Levites bring up the tabernacle to Jerusalem?
1 Chronicles 15:1 And David made him houses in the city of David, and prepared a place for the ark of God, and pitched for it a tent.
David learned from scripture how to move the Ark; even so we should learn HOW to keep God’s Sabbath, Holy Day’s and every other teaching of God’s Word, FROM THE SCRIPTURES.
15:2 Then David said, None ought to carry the ark of God but the Levites: for them hath the LORD chosen to carry the ark of God, and to minister unto him for ever.
David brought the Ark to Jerusalem
15:3 And David gathered all Israel together to Jerusalem, to bring up the ark of the LORD unto his place, which he had prepared for it.
15:4 And David assembled the children of Aaron, and the Levites:
15:5 Of the sons of Kohath; Uriel the chief, and his brethren an hundred and twenty:
15:6 Of the sons of Merari; Asaiah the chief, and his brethren two hundred and twenty:
15:7 Of the sons of Gershom; Joel the chief and his brethren an hundred and thirty:
15:8 Of the sons of Elizaphan; Shemaiah the chief, and his brethren two hundred:
15:9 Of the sons of Hebron; Eliel the chief, and his brethren fourscore:
15:10 Of the sons of Uzziel; Amminadab the chief, and his brethren an hundred and twelve.
Notice that David did not give up on bringing the Ark to Jerusalem according to the will of God, but instead sought out from the Word of God how to make the proper godly arrangements and preparations. This is analogous that we are to do things as GOD has instructed us, and so prepare ourselves for God to dwell within us.
David instructs the chiefs of the priests and Levites to prepare to move the Ark.
15:11 And David called for Zadok and Abiathar the priests, and for the Levites, for Uriel, Asaiah, and Joel, Shemaiah, and Eliel, and Amminadab,
15:12 And said unto them, Ye are the chief of the fathers of the Levites: sanctify yourselves, both ye and your brethren, that ye may bring up the ark of the LORD God of Israel unto the place that I have prepared for it. 15:13 For because ye did it not at the first, the LORD our God made a breach upon us, for that we sought him not after the due order.
15:14 So the priests and the Levites sanctified themselves to bring up the ark of the LORD God of Israel.
Then the Levites brought the Ark to Jerusalem with music and rejoicing.
15:15 And the children of the Levites bare the ark of God upon their shoulders with the staves thereon, as Moses commanded according to the word of the LORD.
David commanded that many Levites be separated out to spiritual music!
15:16 And David spake to the chief of the Levites to appoint their brethren to be the singers with instruments of musick, psalteries and harps and cymbals, sounding, by lifting up the voice with joy. 15:17 So the Levites appointed Heman the son of Joel; and of his brethren, Asaph the son of Berechiah; and of the sons of Merari their brethren, Ethan the son of Kushaiah; 15:18 And with them their brethren of the second degree, Zechariah, Ben, and Jaaziel, and Shemiramoth, and Jehiel, and Unni, Eliab, and Benaiah, and Maaseiah, and Mattithiah, and Elipheleh, and Mikneiah, and Obededom, and Jeiel, the porters.
15:19 So the singers, Heman, Asaph, and Ethan, were appointed to sound with cymbals of brass; 15:20 And Zechariah, and Aziel, and Shemiramoth, and Jehiel, and Unni, and Eliab, and Maaseiah, and Benaiah, with psalteries on Alamoth; 15:21 And Mattithiah, and Elipheleh, and Mikneiah, and Obededom, and Jeiel, and Azaziah, with harps on the Sheminith to excel.
15:22 And Chenaniah, chief of the Levites, was for song: he instructed about the song, because he was skilful.
Here we see that trumpets were sounded before the Ark to announce the coming of the throne of God the great King!
15:23 And Berechiah and Elkanah were doorkeepers for the ark. 15:24 And Shebaniah, and Jehoshaphat, and Nethaneel, and Amasai, and Zechariah, and Benaiah, and Eliezer, the priests, did blow with the trumpets before the ark of God: and Obededom and Jehiah were doorkeepers for the ark.
15:25 So David, and the elders of Israel, and the captains over thousands, went to bring up the ark of the covenant of the LORD out of the house of Obededom with joy. 15:26 And it came to pass, when God helped the Levites that bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD, that they offered seven bullocks and seven rams.
The companion history is in:
2 Samuel 6:13 And it was so, that when they that bare the ark of the Lord had gone six paces, he sacrificed oxen and fatlings. 6:14 And David danced before the Lord with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod. 6:15 So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the Lord with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet.
6:16 And as the ark of the Lord came into the city of David, Michal Saul’s daughter looked through a window, and saw king David leaping and dancing before the Lord; and she despised him in her heart.
6:17 And they brought in the ark of the Lord, and set it in his place, in the midst of the tabernacle that David had pitched for it: and David offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before the Lord.
6:18 And as soon as David had made an end of offering burnt offerings and peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the Lord of hosts. 6:19 And he dealt among all the people, even among the whole multitude of Israel, as well to the women as men, to every one a cake of bread, and a good piece of flesh, and a flagon of wine. So all the people departed every one to his house.
The idea that David had clothed himself inappropriately and exposed himself in his dancing for joy is entirely FALSE! Mi-chal was insisting that the king not behave in what she thought was an undignified manner by dancing in sheer joy before God and the people.
1 Chronicles 15:27 And David was clothed with a robe [ephod, priestly garment] of fine linen, and all the Levites that bare the ark, and the singers, and Chenaniah the master of the song with the singers: David also had upon him an ephod of linen. 15:28 Thus all Israel brought up the ark of the covenant of the LORD with shouting, and with sound of the cornet, and with trumpets, and with cymbals, making a noise with psalteries and harps.
15:29 And it came to pass, as the ark of the covenant of the LORD came to the city of David, that Michal, the daughter of Saul looking out at a window saw king David dancing and playing: and she despised him in her heart.