NEWS: Netanyahu is running into a logjam between the Lapid and Bennet centrist parties, and the right wing in forming his coalition. Labour on the left has already rejected participation and will sit in the opposition to any coalition containing the right wing parties.
At this moment the White House is denying that Obama has a new peace plan for his Israel visit, that is because talks are ongoing about the plan. As of now the official statement is that the talks will be about security and peace.
Right now there is active and spirited discussion on the plan; and a Netanyahu-Abbas-Obama summit, and the possible participation of King Abdullah 2 of Jordan. Kerry intends to make at least two trips to finalize arrangements before the summit in Israel.
An announcement of peace talks would have its affect on Hamas/ PLO reconciliation efforts.
These messges came in on: LCG and YESTERDAY’S Post:
Scroll down to near the end of this link to the picture of Obama to hear Congressman Emmanual Cleaver explain that the church’s need to be told what they can and cannot do.
The law forbids criticising politicians by what about supporting one over another?
UCG NEWS: Robin Webber reports the death of deacon Fred Richardson of Redlands Cal in a traffic accident.
Sent: Wednesday, February 06, 2013 11:00 AM Subject: Update on Mr. Fred Richardson Condition Brethren in Southern California and friends around the world, Mr. Fred Richardson died this morning, February 6, around 6:30 a.m. with his family gathered around him at Loma Linda Hospital. By now many of you know he was a part of the large traffic collision that occurred in nearby mountains when a tour bus lost its brakes coming down the road towards other vehicles. Fred was headed home after a day of work to his house up the canyon in Mountain Home Village. The outpouring of love and support from around the nation has been incredible and wonderful. There are no words to express the thoughtfulness in word, prayer and deed shared by brethren and fellow members of our Southern California community. The hospital staff could not have been more caring and sensitive than they were during this time of need and tremendous challenge. On behalf of his loving wife, Aneita, and children, thank you so very much.
Fred’s accident has impacted all of us in the Redlands congregation, the Church of God community at large in Southern California, the Mountain Home Village community, and all his landscape clients. Fred was known for his kindness, for always smiling, for always serving and working, and for always being so very positive — he was a most loving man and a man loved by one and all.
Fred, who served as a deacon in our church, would often lead the congregation in two hymns that we called “Fred songs,’ because they were “so him” and all that he was about and what God was about in him. These were “God Will See Us Through” and “Teach Us Your Ways O Lord.” It is in the spirit of these hymns that Fred would want us to move forward and to understand God’s purposes even in this tragedy. Let us do so.
More detail about a funeral are pending and will be announced. Let us ask God’s Spirit of comfort to be upon each of Fred’s family during this time.
Pastor of UCG-Redlands
Robin is also UCG Chairman
A email by John Wheeler (Johanan Rakkav) LCG: at The Music of the Bible Revealed
Admin NOTE: The word “Christian” should be read as “Catholic”.
Today, the name of Greece may evoke new images of debt, bailouts, and tourism, or old images of Olympians, Corinthian columns, Socrates, and Spartan warriors. But most of us don’t associate Greece with Western Church music. Nevertheless, Gregorian chant, Western musical notation, and the Lutheran hymnal all have common origins in the Hellenic (Greek) Eastern Christian traditions of sacred music. Medieval music theorists of Europe built their work upon a foundation established by the Greek philosophers, Plato and Aristotle. And if the Greco-Syrians had not developed the metric hymn for ecclesial worship, there would be no German hymnals and the Gregorian chant tradition may have been based on any number of tones instead of the standard eight we know today.
A growing body of information about the history and nature of the Byzantine musical tradition is available through the work of scholars such as Diane Touliatos. Dr. Touliatos has been a professor of Eastern Medieval Chant and Ancient Greek Music at the University of Missouri-St. Louis since 1979. She notes that many Greek contributions to Western music have been unknown to modern scholars until recently. “Most of our preserved examples and/or fragments of Ancient Greek music were not uncovered until the 20th century and most of these by accident by archaeologists who did not know what they were looking at,” she says. As a result of these discoveries, Western music scholars are becoming more familiar with Hellenic contributions to the West. The organ, polyphony, and melismatic vocalizing are a few Greek inventions that were once believed to be of Western origin. Western music history is in the process of being updated to include the latest findings in ancient and Byzantine (Greek) music history and theory, but it is a slow process.
The Greco-Roman and Judeo-Christian contributions to Western culture have long been generally recognized, but the valid story of this cultural confluence is not always static. Occasionally, one has the opportunity to retell the beautiful history of our past with new stimulating details.
A short, eclectic history of sacred music
Distinct musical and cultural traditions began to develop within the Christian community in the first century. Yet despite the obvious divergence in style and approach, a unified Roman empire and the one apostolic Church did assist cross-cultural contributions made between the various Greek, Syriac, and Latin Christian communities. Certain secular and pagan music theories and traditions also reemerged and deeply influenced the musical heritage of medieval Europe and the Byzantine Empire. The greatest of these is most certainly the classical Hellenic theories of the philosophers Plato and Aristotle.
Plato taught that a harmony exists between the human person and the movements of the celestial order; music which conforms to this order is rightly ordered music.
The theories of Plato were taken up by all the medieval music theorists in both East and West. For example, Boethius, born in late-fifth century Rome, wrote in his De institutione musica of three musical genera: musical harmony of the universe, music as a harmony between body and soul in man, and instrumental music as an art. Boethius was one of many who introduced Western Europe to Greek theories of music. The Carolingian theorists applied the principles of Boethius and began to develop Gregorian chant and even liturgical polyphony, which broadened the understanding and application of harmony and rhythm in the West and reached a climax in Viennese musical classicism.
Aristotle also understood that music has a profound positive or negative impact on the moral character of a man because certain musical “affections” imitate parallel human passions. In the Baroque period, for example, Western composers employed Aristotle’s theories in order to evoke the emotions of their listeners in particular ways.
One contributing factor to the organization and isolation of musical traditions in the East and West was the system of musical notation. Unfortunately, several systems of musical notation were lost over the course of history. The Greeks lost their highly developed system of notation sometime between the third and seventh century AD. Because of this, Christianity had to start fresh with notation for liturgical music in the seventh century.
The Byzantines began with a system of ekphonetic neumes, which represented entire phrases of verse based on Syriac and Hebrew punctuation of lectionaries. With time, and the demand for precision, these neumes developed. An Italian musician, Guido of Arezzo, took these neumes in the 11th century and fixed them into a standard musical pitch on a horizontal staff. This was one of many ideas that found its way from Byzantium into Western Europe. Medieval Europe was a confluence of Christian ideas, many of which came from the Greek Christian East and were cultivated by and shaped Western Christendom. This transfer of ideas from East to West came under the guise of Hellenistic scholarship, which had been highly valued in Western Europe since the second century BC.
Like Byzantine chant, Gregorian chant has its origin in the synagogue worship of the Jews, which heavily influenced the development of Christian church music during the first centuries AD. But unlike the Greek Christians of the fourth century who were apprehensive of Jewish tradition, the Roman Church was very interested in preserving the Jewish liturgical traditions of psalmody. Examples of Jewish influence, East and West, include the four-part musical structure of psalmody: an initial clausula, the tenor, a mediant, and a finalis; the tradition of hymn writing, and the melismatic Alleluias which still exist today in every Christian musical tradition, including the Latin and the Ambrosian rites of the Western Church.
Of the three types of music, hymn writing was the greatest contribution of Byzantine chant to the rest of the world. Hymns developed according to a syllabic meter in Hellenized Syria and from there swept across the Mediterranean, influencing Eastern and Western Christian music.
From Greco-Syria to Rome: The eight modes
A good example of near-Eastern and Byzantine chant influences on Gregorian chant can be seen by a closer look at the history of the eight modes. The eight tones of Western music have direct origins in fifth century Syria. Severus of Antioch wrote a book of liturgical modes used for Byzantine liturgy during the eight Sundays following Pentecost. Severus’ book became the model for the propagation of the eight modes into almost every ecclesial music tradition.
The significance of the number “eight” has ancient roots among Mesopotamian civilizations and classical, Hellenic, mathematical, pagan ideas. From Saint Irenaeus’ polemic against Neo-Pythagorean Gnostics we discover that the number eight was called Ogdoas, which signified the Creator.
The second- and third-century Gnostics were notorious for their syncretistic interpretation of Scripture. Their esoteric quest for perfection through special knowledge justified a bizarre mix of ideas—everything from magic Hebrew vowels (eight) to the Pythagorean tetraktys of the elements and the qualities. This is significant to our study because in places such as Alexandria, Egypt, where there were confluences of ideas—Hellenic, Egyptian, Persian, Jewish, and Christian—an intellectual vocabulary emerged for the discussion of musical theory and science. The terms enharmonic, chromatic, monophony, polyphony, heterophony, symphony and several others are all words of Greek origin from this era that are still used by musicians today. Pythagoras had a micro-cosmic theory of human music that assumed the bases of two tetrachords (the interval of two perfect fourths) which mirrored the heavenly Ogdoas. Some Pythagorean ideas eventually became Christianized and helped to develop Christian music theory. These measurements of musical intervals are the foundation of the Western tuning system.
The system of oktoёchos (eight modes), introduced into Christianity by Severus (fifth century), brought a welcomed organization to a complex liturgical tradition of calendar, hymns, and psalms. From Syria the eight modes spread to Byzantium and to Western Europe. There is not one root oktoёchos from which all the others are derived. As early as the ninth century BC at least two sets of eight modes were in existence, which employed two distinct musical scales—near Asiatic (Persian) and classical Greek. Since then it has been possible to distinguish between scores of oktoёchos in almost every ethnic culture. Therefore, each eight mode tradition must be studied separately in order to see any congruent, systematic musical variation between modes, but the three major Christian chant traditions are the Syrian, Byzantine (Greek), and Roman Catholic.
The first and second modes in Syrian, Armenian, Byzantine, and Gregorian chant have a common root. The root of the first mode is called “classical Greek Dorian” by Western Church musicians, but this may or may not correspond to an actual classical Greek mode. There is evidence of the first (Dorian), third (Phrygian), and fifth (Lydian) Gregorian modes in Syrian music (and all modal systems), but these three modes in Syrian chant go way beyond the spectrum of music found in the Gregorian modes.
Byzantine chant also has hymn modes that fall outside of the eight modes of its tradition, but these are an exception as the majority of hymns do conform to its musical system of eight modes. Byzantine modes are not categorized by a common finalis but by melodic formulas which differ in pattern from Western music but are somewhat consistent and discernible to the trained scholar. Byzantium, in particular, had a great deal of influence on the Western adaptation of eight Church tones.
The eight Gregorian tones are the most highly developed and most clear. The four “authentic” modes (1, 3, 5, 7) are the most developed. It seems clear that from looking at these three traditions, Syrian, Byzantine, and Gregorian, the number eight is more a theoretical than a technical construction. Each tradition has its own distinct musical modes with very little interrelationship, and not all music within these traditions is actually limited to these eight modes. Nevertheless, the significance lies in that the idea of eight modes was passed on from Greco-Syria to Western Europe via Byzantium.
Christopher Warner is a Catholic music scholar. I would NOT use anything he says to set a doctrine or explain a prophecy, however he is eminently qualified as a music historian.
Introduction to the Gospel According to Luke
Luke 1 focuses on the advent and mission of John Baptist as the New Testament Elijah. John had the attitude zeal, dedication and courage of Elijah, and prepared the way for the coming of Christ to teach and provide the way of salvation for humanity as the Passover Lamb of God.
The ministry of John is a type of another and more powerful ministry of an end time Elijah, who prepares the way for the return of Christ in power and authority as the ruler of the whole earth.
The two who stand by the Lord of the whole earth are Moses and Elijah; and two persons will be sent by God shortly, in the fullness of faith, obedience and zeal for God; of Moses and Elijah.
It is therefore very important to understand what John was called to preach. Any study of the two witnesses and their mission, would include a study of Moses and Elijah as well as of John Baptist.
Luke was not one of the 12 nor was he a witness to the things he describes. While the other Gospel writers wrote of those things that they had seen, Luke was called out later: and proposing to write a comprehensive account for the gentiles not familiar with the customs of the Jews; Luke did a thorough investigation questioning many witnesses.
Luke’s account is therefore the most complete of all the Gospels.
Luke adds much not included by the other Gospel writers, as for example the TWO cups of wine at the Passover. Many people including COG people have not accepted that all Luke wrote is holy scripture and routinely overlook the writings of Luke to remain in their traditional view, especially as regards the last Passover of Christ.
When the scriptures got in the way of the developing Catholic church and later the JW doctrines; they just rewrote their own Bibles.
Today Fred Coulter has done the same thing, by rewriting Luke and other scriptures to reflect his bias instead of searching for the truth. The Coulter Bible is not a proper translation; it is a rewrite according to personal bias, that will prevent any understanding of the truth about the Passover, or any other possible errors of HWA.
Luke was a native of the city of Antioch in Syria. The early church ascribed to him authorship of both the Gospel according to Luke and the book of Acts of the Apostles, which originally formed a single literary work.
Luke is referred to as a doctor in Colossians 4:14, thus He is thought to have been both, a physician and a disciple of Paul. Luke is also mentioned in Paul’s Epistle to Philemon, verse 24 and 2 Timothy 4:11.
Luke’s presence in Rome with the Apostle Paul near the end of Paul’s life was attested by 2 Timothy 4:11: “Only Luke is with me”. In the last chapter of the Book of Acts, widely attributed to Luke, we find several accounts in the first person also affirming Luke’s presence in Rome including Acts 28:16.
wiki: “Based on Luke’s accurate description of towns, cities and islands, as well as correctly naming various official titles, archaeologist Sir William Ramsay wrote that “Luke is a historian of the first rank; not merely are his statements of fact trustworthy…[he] should be placed along with the very greatest of historians.” It should be noted, however, that Ramsay makes no claims about the events described by Luke and is remarking solely on the details of Luke’s descriptions. Professor of classics at Auckland University, E.M. Blaiklock, wrote: “For accuracy of detail, and for evocation of atmosphere, Luke stands, in fact, with Thucydides. The Acts of the Apostles is not shoddy product of pious imagining, but a trustworthy record”.
HWA chose to ignore Luke in his studies of the last Passover events, and so came up with the WRONG sequence of events.
To this day HWA’s followers cling to his error, and ignore Luke in establishing the sequence of events at the last Passover of Christ.
They do this to the point of saying that because Luke spoke of TWO cups of wine, he is not reliable; they then claim that Luke was not an eyewitness and only a gentile to discredit his account!
For Shame! Luke is Holy Scripture!!!
Fred Coulter now adding to this error by rewriting Luke’s report on the sequence of the Passover.
They do not love the truth above their own traditions!
Luke in the KJV is the most complete presentation of the events of Christ’s last Passover and because of its completeness produces the most accurate understanding.
ALL scripture is Holy Writ and NONE of it is to be ignored. We are to put together ALL scriptures on a subject to come to a complete and proper understanding. To leave out Luke regarding Passover is to leave out the key part of the subject.
Is 28:13 But the word of the Lord was unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little; that they might go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken.
Please study this article on the subject of the last Passover of Christ. Harmonizing the Gospels Concerning The Last Passover of Christ